These Uyghur girls are genetically similar to a few residents of Liqian, today’s ZhelaiZhai. Li-Jien. This has attracted the interest of both Chinese and Western scientists. The fish scale formation impressed the Chinese and they invited the soldiers to come back to China and become part of the border guard in the modern Gansu province. Naupa Iglesia: An Egyptian Portal in the Andes? It was common practice of Romans to name new towns after *people*… and while Marcus Licinius Crassus may have lost his final battle, a legion which ended up in exile and founded a home-from-home far away may well have named it “Licinia” after him as an ironic tribute – the man who more than anyone else was responsible for them being there, both in his prosecution of an unnecessary war and for the disastrous tactics which led to their defeat. Thus, even if there is a connection to the western Mediterranean world, it is more likely a Greek connection rather than a Roman connection, according to this view. The Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania: Deadly Wasps Once Prevented its Destruction. A map of China’s Han Empire available during this same period showed a county named Liqian. Instead, they are very similar, genetically, to Han Chinese with a small amount of Mongolian aspect. Even if they do have European or Mediterranean lineage, this wouldn’t necessarily mean that they had to be descended from a lost Roman legion since the town is adjacent to the old Silk Road, making intermarriage with distant travelers at any time more likely. Available at: http://articles.latimes.com/2000/aug/24/news/mn-9483/3, I have a bachelor's degree in earth science but I minored in anthropological archaeology and have attended an archaeological field school. Directed by James Gray. Were Neanderthal Thumbs Better Adapted for Tennis? Gill (2018). If we read from... What’s Behind Increasing Paranormal Activity? The Ninth Legion ‘Hispana’, the lost legion of Rome that marched into the murky fog of history and into legend. Charles Hucker proposed that the Roman legionaries may have been amongst the Xiongnu soldiers. Discover Magazine, October 21, 2019. Could this boy be a relative of an ancient Roman? Roman Testudo tortoise shell formation. Therefore, they moved them further east to the new outpost of Liqian (Li-Chien) in the Gansu province. Of course the Indo-European culture was fairly wide spread. Additionally, a helmet was reportedly found with Chinese characters written on it saying, “one of the surrendered.” Two other artifacts of interest are a Roman style water pot, and a trunk of wood with stakes similar to those used by the Romans to construct forts. What is interesting about the town is that the people living there have traits such as brown hair and blue eyes, which contrast with the appearance of most of the surrounding people. Chinese records indicate that in 36 BCE at the Battle of Zhizhi, the Han captured the Xiongnu, led by Zhizhi Changyu in Central Asia, in a place known today as Dzhambul, Uzbekistan, in 36 BCE. From ancient aliens, creation myths, and races of giants, these subjects are part of a very obscure niche of historical research. However, his success would not last. Turkmenistan: the Bradt Travel Guide. ThoughtCo. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. Just because it is … It was a shameful disaster for the Roman army: seven legions with the strength of 45,000 men were humiliated and routed by … This tactic of tightly squared units utilized shields for the first row to cover their body. Bearded Gods of the Americas Were Jesus Resurrected?! Some of these former Roman soldiers may have found themselves working for the Huns in their war against the Chinese. Who was the Babushka Lady at JFKs Assassination? ( Public Domain ). Date published 1972 Bookseller catalogs WORLD WAR II / GERMAN & EASTERN FRONT; Items with Photos; List 84; Terms of Sale. They are also cultures that appear to have been mostly isolated from each other. Lenovo Legion Slim 7i—World's lightest 15.6" gaming laptop with RTX *Based on research conducted by Lenovo (August 10, 2020) on consumer laptops sold by major gaming PC manufacturers shipping more than one million units worldwide annually. Scientists indicated that a complete study of mtDNA (maternal lineage) is necessary to complete the assessment. Learn more. A great many modern historians absolutely dismiss the story of the legionaries in China as more of a fairytale than truth, though some prominent historians still argue that this sequence of events is quite possible and even the most probable of theories. Ancient History of the Swastika and Its Fall... Two Roman Emperors With a Social Conscience, Tennessee Town Hangs Murderous Mary the Elephant. This has led to the popular theory that these mysterious soldiers were in fact exiled Roman legionnaires from the Battle of Carrhae who had hired themselves out as mercenaries for the Huns. His mother was English, from County Durham, and his paternal grandparents were … The leader’s inexperience became apparent the day he led 45,000 soldiers into battle against the very prepared and mobile Parthian cavalry in Carrhae, now known today as Harran, Turkey. This question continues to go unanswered by the academic and archaeological world. Source: Johnathon Kos-Read/ CC BY ND 2.0. As I read this article I wondered if any graves from the period have been discovered. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? Legion Y27gq-25 Monitor. A genetic study from the University of Lanzhou showed that the inhabitants of the town do have connections to Europe, which makes the theory more plausible, though it is also true that the town is built along the old Silk Road so connections with western populations are more likely regardless of whether they were Roman. Such was the case with Juba and Cleopatra Selene II. Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides, 2005. The fate of the 10,000 captured Legionnaires remained a mystery. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. Historic Mysteries is an Amazon Associate and earns from qualifying purchases. Zhelaizhai residents with European characteristics. Parallels Between The Jewish Fall Festival And Akhenaten’s Royal Jubilee. A city and county were also made for them which were named Li-Jien or Liqian. Indo-Europeans had spread out into Central Asia well before the Imperial Roman period. Does the Brewer Cave Story Unlock a Hidden History? All rights reserved. ( Public Domain ). In days of old, the dead were buried with a silver coin (the shiner the better) so that the souls of the faithful departed could pay the toll to the deathless demon ferryman of the underworld: Charon. Another issue is that it is unlikely that the name Li-Jien is related to the word legion. Interesting history topics are just a click away. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis. Another connection that has been noted is that the name “Li-Jien” sounds like “legion” when spoken in Chinese. The Mystery of JFK’s Brain: How Did it Disappear? The Powerful Symbol of the Swastika and its 12,000 Year History, Ancient Anomalous Human Skeletons: Humanity Could be Much Older Than We Think, Where are Ashkenazi Jews from? Accessories & Monitors. For this reason, any contact between the cultures has fascinated historians ever since Western scholars began to study China and Chinese scholars began to study the West. According to Fan Ye’s 5th century “Hou Han Shu”, Liqian was what the Chinese called the Roman Empire. Bust of Marcus Licinius Crassus located in the Louvre, Paris. Archaeologists now believe Liqian became present-day Zhelaizhai, China. (A name which he also shared with another famous Roman general to have made Eastern conquests – Lucius Licinius Lucullus. Freewalt, Jason, and Joseph Scalzo. A modern representation of Roman soldiers. In fact “Licinius” was the major family name: Crassus and Lucullus were “cognomen” branches of the “nomen” Licinius.). Date published 1972 Bookseller catalogs WORLD WAR II / GERMAN & EASTERN FRONT; Items with Photos; List 84; Terms of Sale. Los Angeles Times . 17 years later, in 36 BC, on the western border of the Han Chinese Empire, the battle of Zhizhi was fought between the Chinese and the Huns , a classical enemy of China. I understand that the story of the lost legion may seem dubious; anyway, there have been many greek westerners who eventually settled up in Gansu / Ningxia, such as merchants following Sogdia/Bactria caravans or Nestorius followers who spreaded everywhere in the area after their faith was declared an heresy. Dating back 11,000 years - with a coded message left by ancient man from the Mesolithic Age - the Shigir Idol is almost three times as old as the Egyptian pyramids. But Why is the Plumed Serpent Ubiquitous? The identification is based upon coin effigies. having it influence the fringes of Chinese society isn't far fetched. Military Books. Underworld Reapers of Chinese Mythology However, the Roman legions used this strategy throughout the … Of the surviving Roman soldiers, 10,000 of them were captured alive by the Parthians. There is debate whether his village was inhabited by Roman soldiers from the lost legion of Carrhae. Desktops & Cubes . We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. The Parthians beheaded Crassus’ son and killed 20,000 Roman soldiers. Additionally, they found Roman coins and pottery. According to some accounts, they were relocated to the eastern border of the Parthian Empire. Die verlorene Legion [Knothe, Maik] on Amazon.com.au. The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. A true-life drama, centering on British explorer Major Percival Fawcett, who disappeared whilst searching for a mysterious city in the Amazon in the 1920s. Prior to this battle, Crassus had amassed a degree of fame after he defeated Spartacus’ rebellion in 71 BCE. That would settle the question. Their Origins May Surprise You, Do you dare enter a fairy ring? View All Close. How Were the Terracotta Soldiers Made? Author Degrelle, Leon Format/binding Hardcover Book condition Used - Fine Jacket condition Fine Binding Hardcover Publisher Schutz, 1972. (, Italy’s Quest for the Ark of the Covenant. “A Roman Legion Lost in China” by Angelo Paratico. They became known as the Lost Roman Legion. Dubs argued that some of the soldiers in exile gave up trying to go back to Rome and hired themselves out as mercenaries for local warlords in the region. Alan Walbridge Ladd was born in Hot Springs, Arkansas, the only child of Ina Raleigh (aka Selina Rowley) and Alan Ladd, a freelance accountant. A 2005 DNA analysis of residents in Zhelaizhai indicates that approximately 56 percent have genetic sequences similar to Europeans. Is it possible that the inhabitants of the unusual village could be descendants of displaced Romans? The mythical mushroom portals of the supernatural, Sky Burial: Tibet’s Ancient Tradition for Honoring the Dead. Was there ever a Trojan War? Around 2010 David Gu dropped out of the underground scene and Dani reestablished ownership. Another study from 2007 determined that according to paternal (Y) lineage DNA, the people of Zhelaizhai are not descendants of Romans. © 2009-2020 Historic Mysteries. View All Close. In 1957, Homer H. Dubs, the author of A Roman City in China, made a controversial proposal about the lost Roman legion of Marcus Crassus. On the contrary, their DNA was similar to that of the Uygurs of the Xinjiang Province of Western China, who possess Northern European ancestry (Khan). Crassus was already one of the wealthiest men in the Roman republic, but he had a desire to access the wealth of Parthia, so he convinced the Senate to let him lead 42,000 Roman soldiers into the battlefield against the Parthians. From there, the mercenary soldiers helped the Han Chinese defend against Tibetan raids. Although the locals of Zhelaizhai have, in their minds, accepted the idea that they originate from the lost Roman legion in China, it appears that the evidence so far indicates that they do not. Alan Ladd, Actor: Shane. if this legion had come from the Egyptian or Greek speaking provinces the name of the town could still be of Roman origins. In July 1952 it was back in Central Vietnam, operating near Phu Vang and around Da Nang. “No Romans Needed to Explain Chinese Blondes.” Discover Magazine. This idea was first suggested by the historian Homer Dubs. This tactic of tightly squared units utilized shields for the first row to cover their body. Rome and China are two major civilizations that shaped the cultures within their sphere of influence. Khan, Razib. https://www.historyoftheancientworld.com/2013/06/a-roman-legion-lost-in-china-2/, https://www.thoughtco.com/how-did-crassus-die-120886, http://articles.latimes.com/2000/aug/24/news/mn-9483/3. Despite his prior conquests, many people questioned his military leadership. Roman Concrete: How Volcanic Material Created an Empire. In 53BC 10,000 Roman soldiers disappeared after a disastrous battle. There are many reported human skeletal finds which are in discordance with current evolutionary beliefs dating back to anomalously ancient geological periods in the distant past, way before it is accepted that human beings ever existed. In antiquity, it was near the fringes of the Roman Empire in the west and the Parthian Empire in the east. Emperor Yuandi established a new county called Lijian (Liqian) or Li-jien, which, according to Hucker, is a name that reflects the Roman legion. ), The Roman Republic and Empire, HIST532 K001 Spi 14 (2014). Chinese scholars who have looked into the etymology of the name say that it is related to the state of Lixuan, which has connections to Ptolemaic Egypt but not to Rome. However, it's certainly a mystery that Liqian people still look like westerners 2000 years after the facts. On the other hand, many scholars have doubts about the feasibility of the hypothesis. One thing that is for certain, however, is that the people of Liqian stand out from the surrounding people in the region, a fact that remains unexplained. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? Also, the physical appearance and genetic relations of the villagers doesn’t require that they be directly descended from Mediterranean peoples, since there are many central Asian ethnic groups that also have genetic ties to the Mediterranean region and traits such as blonde or brown hair and blue eyes. Chinese villagers 'descended from Roman soldiers' Genetic testing of villagers in a remote part of China has shown that nearly two thirds of their DNA is of Caucasian … Top Image: A man in Liqian, China. Consequently, Dubs believed that the residents of Zhelaizhai may be the descendants of the lost Roman legion in China. These problems do not rule out the theory, but they also leave it unconfirmed. It was a Parthian custom to send prisoners of war captured in the west to the far east to secure their loyalty against their eastern rivals, the Huns. I have participated in archaeological excavations in Greece and San Diego. He was also allegedly beheaded, and his body was desecrated. With Charlie Hunnam, Robert Pattinson, Sienna Miller, Tom Holland. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. Strength for a single squadron was six Legion officers, 20 Legion NCOs, eight Vietnamese NCOs, 124 Legionnaires and 127 Vietnamese cavalrymen. Chen Tang, one of the Han generals who fought the Xiongnu, recorded fighting soldiers who used the yu lin zhen, fish scale, formation. Mass Grave Found in the Netherlands: A Case of Medieval Slaughter? 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