Shaoxing wine (Shaohing, Shaoshing) is one of the most famous varieties of huangjiu, or traditional Chinese wines, fermented from rice.It originates from the region of Shaoxing, in the Zhejiang province of eastern China.It is widely used as both a beverage and a cooking wine in Chinese … I also wonder why Chinese cooks adds sweet potato starch whenever they are cooking Fujian cooking wine is also called Fujian Laojiu or Fukien Old Wine where Fukien is an older spelling of Fujian. You may grab one into your kitchen cupboard for substitution of white rice cooking wine occasionally. Lots of Chinese recipes uses alcohol to enhance flavor. The no.1 on the “Top 10 Chinese cooking … Shaoxing wine is amber-colored and has a unique flavor, balanced by the six tastes of sweet (glucose sugar),sour (organic lactic and succinic acids), bitter (peptides and tyrosol), pungent (alcohol and aldehydes), savory (amino acids) and astringent (lactate and tyrosine). Chinese Ginger Pork Stir-Fry Pork. The Best Vegetable Curry Foodista. Cooking wine plays a major role in Chinese cuisine, possibly coming second to soy sauce in importance. Perfect for mushroom gravies on chicken and pork chop, rich fish like … The best substitution is Chinese jiuniang, a fermented sweet rice. The clear white mijiu or white rice wine available in the US market majorly come from Southern China and Taiwan. Theoritically, any wine, including wiskey, beer, distilled wine and rice wine, can be used as cooking wine, but Chinese rice wine, especially Shaoxing rice wine, is the best in the cooking world. https://www.recipetineats.com/shaoxing-wine-chinese-cooking-wine Compared to white rice wine, Shaoxing wine imparts one more layer of unique pleasant flavors to the cook. shaoxing, peppercorns, ginger, rack of pork ribs, Chinese cooking wine and 10 more. To mask the strong fishy or gamey smell and taste of meat and seafood, preliminary treatment of ingredient should include marinating with cooking wine, salt and ginger to build the basic flavor. What would you recommend? Sichuan-style high-heat, quick stir-frying cooking prefers to use very dry white called baijiu in Chinese (Chinese distilled spirit) instead of regular mijiu. The left first is a general Shaoxing huangjiu and the rest are all Shaoxing huadiao rice wine from well known brands. beef. You may get one at local liquor stores in Chinatowns, such as Red Star Brand Erguodou (57% ABV) as shown above. I use Chinese cooking wine with the 1.5% salt (I'm in the US). The three-years aged Qinghong (青红) below is well known in Fujian and is made as Fujian cooking wine. And don't confuse Chinese rice-wine vinegar with Chinese rice wine—it is a vinegar, not a wine, … Rose cooking wine is a key ingredient to make Cantonese-style roasted duck, roasted pork, roasted chicken and suasages. One can soak fresh fish, sea food and other meat in cooking wine before cooking to promote the dissolution of fishy smell substances, and let them evaporate with ethanol during cooking. The unique fermentation process (especially of Shaoxing wine) let these nutrients add additional savory flavors to the food. Get it as soon as Tue, Dec 1. In one side, Chinese rice wine is a product of fermented regular and glutinous rice that contains high levels of protein and amino acids. Shaoxing wine is the most widely used cooking wine in the world. Thank you for stop by. When marinating, too much cooking wine may mask the main flavors. For some recipes, however, sake (15% ABV) is not strong enough to substitute Michiu (20%, or 35% ABV). Could you, please, explain the difference between the various Pagoda Wines in the Advanced List? They are more like seasioning sauces instead of cooking wines. Alcohol does boil at a lower temperature than water - 86 degrees centigrade vs. 100 degrees C. for water, though one may have to boil a beer for 30 minutes to get it down to the NA or nonalcoholic category, which by law means it contains less than .5 percent alcohol. The ultimate goal is to make sure the sauce coats the meat through cooking and offers a velvety mouthfeel/finish while holding the flavor. For soups, cooking wine should be added when the soup is boiling to evaporate odors with the alcohol. green bell peppers, ground white pepper, arrowroot, coconut aminos and 10 more. It means either drinking rice wine that has alcohol range 12-50% ABV (alcohol by volume) or jiuniang (酒酿, 1.5-2.0% ABV) or laozao (醪糟) by Sichuanese which is a sweet, cotton-like fermented glutinous rice usually sold in refrigeration. Compared with Shaoxing cooking wine, these cooking wines provides different flavors and are alternative to Shaoxing cooking wines. Chinese cooking wine is rich in eight amino acids required by the human body, such as leucine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, and threonine. Shaoxing rice wine is brown in color, and the flavor is much stronger but sweeter than mijiu, which is another rice wine that's popular in Chinese and Tawainese cooking. Taiwan-based SSC International (良) and HK-based Lam Sheng Kee (林生记) have good reputation in Asian-American communities. Because it is more sticky than other starches and will adhere to the meat when used to make a sauce. The alcohol content of Shaoxing wine is somewhere between 18 and 25 percent, making it a strong drink compared to beer (averaging 5 percent) and wine (coming in around 12 percent). One main purpose of using Chinese cooking wine is to mask the strong fishy or gamey smell and taste of meat and seafood through alcohol evaporation during cooking. Cantonese cooking traditionally uses Chinese rose wine (Mei Kueilu Chiew, 玫瑰露酒) for Cantonese-style roasting ducks and pork and making sausages which are sold at almost every large Asian supermarket in America. Jiuniang is widely used for soup desserts and for flavoring in Sichuan cooking as a sweetener. Alcohol can be found as an ingredient in many recipes. It is evolved from the Shaoxing tradition of burying Shaoxing Jiafan wine underground when a daughter was born, and digging it up for the wedding banquet when the daughter was to be married. Any misuse or abuse of cooking wine can ruin the flavors of the final cook. Alcohol can denature proteins in food partially or entirely to make the food edible (drunken shrimp) or to improve the flavor of food (such as egg preserved in rice wine, pickled egg). It is also believed to prolong women's aging due to baby delivery. Dry Nutty/Oxidized Wines. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. The closest substitute is Chinese jiuniang. Otherwise, the taste may be completely different. Mirin can be found in Japanese Sauce section in an Asian supermarket. $16.99 $ 16. Many cookbooks and cooks tell the consumer that the “alcohol will have burned of," however the process is more complicated than this simple statement implies. Correct name spelling in Chinese pinyin should be "Shaoxing" or "Shao Xing". In reality for a cook, none of them can substitute Chinese cooking wine in Chinese cooking. Cooking wines, sold in local supermarkets, are overly salted and have a different flavor than Chinese rice wine. 1. 99. Shaoxing Huadiao (花雕酒), also known as Nuerhong (女儿红), is an aged Shaoxing Jiafan wine (one type of Shaoxing wine by adding about 10% extra rice during fermentation process). Shaoxing wine (绍兴黄酒, Shaoxing Huang Jiu) is a type of Huangjiu, literally means yellow wine… As ethanol of alcohol is very volatile, cooking wine should be added at the highest temperature point during cooking, such as spaying cooking wine into quick stir fry during cooking. Cooking wine plays a major role in Chinese cuisine, possibly coming second to soy sauce in importance. Pagoda (塔牌) and Guyue LongShan(古岳龙山) are well known in China. Cooking wine is developed on the basis of yellow wine. It is one of the holy trio of cupboard staples in Japanese cuisine, giving a rich flavor to fish and meat dishes, making sweet sauces such as teriyaki and yakitori, or softening strong flavored ingredients. The following picture shows the availability in fridge section of US grocery stores. It can be added as an ingredient to add specific flavors or it can be part of an ingredient, such as extracts. onions, pineapple, pumpkin, sugar, vegetable oil, fried shallots and 9 more. Compared with yellow wine, the cooking wine make dishes more delicious. Similar to blowing smoke at a former smoker, using alcohol in cooking should be carefully thought out and guests should be informed as it could do a great disservice to arecovering alcoholic. Tasting similar to Chinese white drinking mijiu, Japanese sake is a fermented rice wine. Chinese Rose Wine (méiguī lùjiǔ, 玫瑰露酒) is a rose-flavored sorghum liquor. Huangjiu, the redish mijiu, including Shaoxing wine, is perferred in East of China, while similar to Japanese sake, the clear white drinking mijiu is perferred in the other places, including Sichuan and Taiwan. It is the best candidate to substitute Japanese mirin equivalently. The right four bottles in the image are best for braising meats. Chinese Roasted Duck Donna Hay. In simple, Japanese mirin is a sweet kind of Japanese sake, with a lower alcohol (0-15% ABV) and higher sugar content. Shaoxing cooking wine is made with 30-50% Shaoxing wine and various brand-dependent seasoning ingredients, such as cloves, star anise, cassia, black cardamom, Sichuan pepper, ginger, nutmeg and salt. Michiu shui is marjorly originated in Taiwan, and becoming popular in China. During cooking, the time to add the cooking wine depends on the cooking methods and materials. I learned a lot about Shaoxing Wine. With few hundred years of history, Fujian cooking wine is one type of huagjiu made by fermenting glutinous rice with red rice yeast and a white yeast of over 60 Chinese medicinal herbs. Chinese Rose Wine (méiguī lùjiǔ, 玫瑰露酒) is a rose-flavored sorghum liquor. Sichuan paocai (pickled vegetables) normally uses baijiu to prevent mold growing on the surface of salty water brine, for which the ideal cooking wines should have no salt and no additional flavoring ingredients as well. Two varieties of Shaoxing wine available in US market are Shaoxing huadiao wine and Shaoxing cooking wine. Because those cooking wines have no salt, you are able to taste the flavors before add to your dishes, and there is no need of calculating the extra salt added by cooking wine. When stir-fry meat, it should be added after the meat color changes; if the dish is first stir-fried and then braised, it should be added before brasing; when cooking soup, add it before turning to low heat; when stir-frying shrimps, add cooking wine just before taking them out of the wok.It is not advised to put too much cooking wine when cooking dishes, otherwise the taste of the wine will mask the taste of the food itself. How much cooking wine to use is dependent on the cook. Michiu has two types - regular Michiu which has about 20% ABV and Michiu Tou (米酒頭), a drier version of Michiu with about 34% ABV. Chinese cooking wine, called “liaojiu” in Chinese, is made of. Shaoxing Wine vs Mirin: Which is better for cooking? In many recipes, the alcohol is an important component to achieve a desired chemical reaction in a dish. In Sichuan, homemade drinking mijiu is locally called changjiu (常酒) which is drunken in warm or hot and tastes the same as Japanese sake. In Taiwan, white rice wine is labeled as Michiu or rice wine, but pronounced the same as mijiu in Chinese. The substance with fishy smell can be dissolved by the ethanol in cooking wine and volatilized together under high temperature. The brands (first row in picture) distirbuted by SSC Internatioanl earns a great reputation in oversea Chinese communities, and particularly, the products (second and third bottles) with red labels (红标) are made by the governmental Taiwan Tobacco and Liquor Corp and are absolutely well known in Taiwan. Soeos Shaoxing Cooking Wine, Chinese Cooking Rice Wine, Shaoxing Wine for Cooking, 1500ml. When a recipe calls for cooking wine, it usually mean Shaoxing wine. Pricey. It has no salt and thus you can directly taste what it is. Are all Huangjiu non-distilled and all Baijiu distilled? If you are interested in US-made Michiu only, The above Linchen cooking Michiu is made in California and available in most Asian stores in variety of sizes. All rights reserved. Flavor correction: Cooking wine can not only mask the strong fishy smell and the gamey taste of meat and seafood, but also enhance the final flavors. Started from: 1669. Gold Plum brand which also is the best in vinegar is the only one who offers Shaoxing Nuerhong based cooking wine for meat and fish separately. Shaoxing wine is a type of huangjiu made from fermented glutinous rice and red yeast that originates from the region of Shaoxing in Zhejiang province of China. Chinese rose wine is a spirit distilled from fermented sorghum and infused with rose flowers, tasting like slightly sweetened vodka. Jiuniang (酒酿) is also called laozao (醪糟) and may be translated as Rice Sauce or even Rice Wine (due to its alcohol content) . It is dark brown in color, rich in flavor, and a little bit sweeter than Shaoxing huadiao wine. As the name says, Chinese cooking wine is Chinese rice wine for cooking. roasted pork loin, iceberg lettuce, dry mustard, chow mein noodles and 6 more. Important:The fact that some of the alcohol remains could be of significant concern to recovering alcoholics, parents, and others who have ethical or religious reasons for avoiding alcohol. Drinking mijiu made with red yeast is reddish in color and thus called huangjiu (yellow rice wine, 黄酒) interchangeably. The sorghum liquor, or gāoliáng ji ǔ ( 高粱酒) is infused with fresh rose flowers and sugar, and the result is … The effect of cooking wine is to remove or mask the fishy smell and greasiness of meat, fish and sea food. As a sweet rice wine from fermented glutinous rice similar to Chinese jiuniang, mirin is a bit tart, with a hint of acid, and is also quite sweet. These cooking wines seem able to substitute Chinese cooking wines. Wang Zhihe. Chinese cooking wine can be used interchangably, but should not be substituted with grape wine. That is, the alcohol releases alcohol soluble flavors from foods (tomatoes, vanilla beans, and herbs are good examples) that you will never taste without it. These cooking wines are made with huangjiu, soy sauce, vinegar, chili peppers and so on. "Shao HSing", "Shao Shing" and "Shaoxing" means the same place Shaoxing in China. Yellow wine can also be used as a seasoning but it is not as effective as cooking wine. Cooking ingredient: Cooking wine is a key ingredient in recipes of drunken shrimp, pickled egg in rice wine, drunken chicken, chicken wing with beer, and more. If the above cheap Shaoxing huadiao cooking wine and Shaoxing cooking wine can not adapt to the recipes, the aged shaoxing cooking wine would be the advanced options. What does it do to the food? Given the competition of Shaoxing cooking wines in the US market, the bottles which still stand on the grocery shelves as shown here are all fairly good. I grew up on Cantonese food, so I've only been exposed to the Shaoxing type (my mom's favorite). It is also called yuezi water or rice wine-evaporated water, a substitute for water made from boiling off rice wine. Baijiu is the best to fit, otherwise, the following Pearl River Bridge double and triple distilled bottles are an alternative option which is available in most Asian grocery stores, but please pay attention that their caps have a golden color. Unfortunately, Chinese baijiu is not popularly available out of Asia. Cooking high protein content, such as fish paste or ground shrimp, cooking wine should be avoided because alcohol is fat soluble and thus may denature the proteins and make ingredients loose stickiness. Gold Plum premium matured nuerhong cooking rice wines are the main cooking wines of many Chinese restaurants in the United States. Among them, lysine and tryptophan can produce neurotransmitters in the brain, which improve sleep quality and is also beneficial to children’s physical development. Alcohol causes many foods to release flavors that cannot be experienced without the interaction of alcohol. Many Chinese restuarants in the United States use it as their main cooking wine. This is usually used for steaming and brewing dishes. The ethanol of alcohol then esterifies with fatty acid and form aromatic esters. Alcohol has a much lower boiling point temperature (173° F / 78.5° C) than water (212° F / 100° C). Fantastic article. sesame oil, Chinese cooking wine, white pepper, manila clams and 3 more. Chinese cooking wine, called “liaojiu” in Chinese, is made of yellow wine and many other spices like Chinese cinnamon and nutmegs. Shaoxing wine is directly used as an alcoholic drink, as cooking wine and as Chinese herbal wine. These chinese cooking wines are made with 30-50% huangjiu and various brand-dependent seasoning ingredients, such as cloves, star anise, cassia, black cardamom, Sichuan pepper, ginger, nutmeg and salt. The following table of alcohol remaining after food preparation is from USDA Table of Nutrient Retention Factors, Dec 2007. Soups and light flavor dishes should not use cooking wine in general. Thanks for this! It consists of a mixture of partially digested rice grains floating in a sweet saccharified liquid, with small amounts of alcohol (1.5-2%) and lactic acid (0.5%). I did find a "real" mirin for cooking that did not contain salt. Its alcohol content is below 15% and rich in amino acids. As a first-time user, you are recommended to start with Advanced Shaoxing cooking wine above such that you are able to taste it wihtout bothering by salt. I'd like to find a Chinese wine/liquor that I can enjoy sipping as well as cooking with. Changjiu used to be the main drink on home yard banquet (坝坝宴) in some places of Sichuan. Cooking wine can only be used when cooking; it cannot be drunk as beverage.4. The price of cooking wine is much cheaper. The cooking wines are made from grape wines Burgundy, Sauterne, Chablis and Sherry. Animal fats (triglycerides) are partially hydrolyzed into glycerin and fatty acid after heating. Place of origin: Beijing. The following picture shows some popular, inexpensive sakes available in many US liquor stores. It lends a very nice fragrant flavor to Hong Kong-style BBQ pork (叉烧) or char siu (char siew) in Cantonese . In general, mijiu is the generic Chinese name 米酒 for fermented rice wine. Copyright © 2020 MalaFood. Once the temperature is above 78.5° C, then the alcohol evaporates quickly, which reduces the vapor partial pressures of fishy/gamey components (mainly due trimethyl amine, hexahydro pyridine and valeraldehyde) in fish and meat and thus makes these volatile components easily evaporate from food. Alcohol can also denature proteins of microbes to prevent the growth of bacteria, fungi or other new bad microbes. Save more with Subscribe & Save. Michiu shui has about 0.35% ABV and is used to replace water for cooking everything during the postpartum time. Thank you...JJ. Great article. It is used to mask the odor smell of meat and fish, but adds little or no extra flavor to the food. If the fermentation goes longer, jiuniang will eventually produce rice wine or rice vinegar. What a great source of information. It uses 30% to 50% of yellow wine as raw material, and then adds many aromatic spices such as minced meat, cinnamon and anise.3. Why do you cook with wine? They have all natually brewed from a very clean ingredient list of water, glutinous rice, salt, and caramel. Theoritically, any wine, including wiskey, beer, distilled wine and rice wine, can be used as cooking wine, but Chinese rice wine, especially Shaoxing rice wine, is the best in the cooking world. I know baijiu is commonly drunk with friends. 4.6 out of 5 stars 168. The containers were engraved with flowers (花雕). Shaoxing cooking wine is at the same price level as Shaoxing huadia cooking wine except some aged versions. To make it at home, boil two bottles of rice wine down to one bottle as michiu shui. It warms the body and improves circulation which further strengthens healing, restoration and milk production. Chinese cooking wine in US groceries are all rice wine, made from fermeneted regular rice or glutinous rice, even though they may be labeled differently, such as Cooking Wine, Rice Cooking Wine, Rice Wine, Sweet/Glutinous Rice Cooking Wine, Shao HSing or Shao Shing or Shaoxing (Huadiao) (Rice) Cooking Wine, Miron, Cooking Spirit or without English name at all. When using dry cooking wine to marinate strong smell fish and lamb, marinating time cannot be too long and should wash the ingredient with clean waster in timely manner to avoid alcoholic aflavor remaining in final dish. It is made by fermenting glutinous rice with a yeast starter called jiuqu (酒曲). Pearl River Bridge is the most popular brand, especially for its double and triple distilled rice cooking wines (the second and third bottles on left). cinnamon stick, star anise, honey, soy sauce, Chinese … This is the first time I've come across a thorough explanation of various Chinese cooking wines. The biggest difference between Chinese cooking wine and yellow wine is that yellow wine is a kind of beverage drink, while cooking wine is a flavoring for cooking.2. In the other side, Shaoxing cooking wine has already blended expected cooking spices which can nicely impart the food flavors during cook. The key crieria is that the cooking wine has enough time to burn off its alcohol such that the alcoholic taste does not remain in the final dish if it is not expected. Chinese cooking wine is used in two typical applications, By default, cooking wine in the US market is treated with salt (1.5%) which acts as a preservative to inhibit the growth of microorganisms that produce acetic acid. What does it add to the taste? Copyright © 1998-2020 All rights reserved. Shaoxing nuerhong is fully aged Shaoxing huadiao wine and thus Shaoxing nuerhong based cooking wine is the high end Shaoxing cooking wine in the US market. White mijiu made in China and available in the United States is majorly Cantonese style mijiu as shown above. If you're going to make a mirin substitution with Japanese sake or Chinese white mijiu, you are recommend to add a little sugar to compensate the sweetness, keeping in mind that the added suga is a bit different from the sugar in actual mirin, which is produced during the fermentation process. Chinese Rose Cooking Wine (玫瑰露酒) Golden Star rose cooking wine is made from fermented sorghum and is the most popular one.